When purchasing a used forklift, many buyers be concerned about getting bound to a lemon. It’s unfamiliar territory, nearly everyone knows things to look for in a vehicle, but have you thought about a forklift? It’s a pricey purchase that you have to be reliable for a long time. The following is a fundamental checklist you ought to search for when buying a second hand forklift.
Please note: This post covers physical inspection of used forklifts. For guidance on choosing a forklift size and type, please see this informative article.
It once was a chore, the need to drive from a factory to a different (often widely spaced in numerous suburbs). Now naturally we have the net to help. Most forklift sellers now have a website (much like this!), and having the capability to see in advance what sort of units are offered can be a massive time saver. When checking websites, it’s still a smart idea to ring the retailer and look that you have no unlisted forklifts, often we sell forklifts before they can be on the site.
When checking forklifts online it can be difficult to discover details but you would like to be looking to the following:
No obvious impact damage (scrapes and scratches are ok)
Minimal or no rust
Tyres that aren’t worn out
On site inspection
Now you have selected several retailers or units to consider, make and appointment and go take a peek. Here is where you can really get a full check out the used forklift involved. If you are shopping with a low budget in your mind, you will need to make allowances for any unit that will not meet all these criteria, but try to find any problems and inquire the salesman specifically when they can be fixed just before purchase, especially items that might be a safety hazard or stop the device from working.
Please understand that it is a guide only, and based on the age and cost of your unit, you may have to compromise. What is important is usually to A:Get good value and B:Have a reliable forklift
Try to find new paint or paint in good shape, preferably with decals (better resale value) and warning stickers (for operator safety). Scratching and scrapes are ok, extensive rust, overspray from bad repainting and enormous dints are certainly not. Check plastics (if any) for cracks or splits.
Open the bonnet and begin the engine. It must start easily and idle smoothly (it will be more noisy compared to a car). Look above and below for engine (black) oil leaks. Check starter motor fires rapidly. Rev engine hard in neutral and view tailpipe once warm for blue or black smoke. Exhaust needs to be minimal if LPG, and totally free of excessive odour.
Raise Carriage to full height (move forklift outdoors if possible). Check lifting speed is steady and constant. Rev engine to enhance lift speed then run in idle to ensure it will continue to raise. Tilt back and forward at full extension, engine must not stall. Shims in tilt mechanism should never move an excessive amount of, carriage must not be sloppy. Drop down, movement ought to be smooth and steady, all stages should relocate turn without any jamming.
Check all visible hoses for leaks. Look within the forklift for greenish or golden hydraulic oil. Move mast to full tilt and view for leaks again while under pressure. Levers should move easily and operation ought to be smooth for all those controls. For hydraulic drive forklifts (Linde), drive back and forward, operation must be fast and smooth.
Drive the used forklift around within a tight circle, backwards and forwards. Use brake, inch and accelerator to full extension, check seating position and controls can be found.
Seat and Lights
Seat must be free of large rips and tears. Seatbelt (if part of original equipment), ought to be functional. Flashing light on roof must be working, other lights if fitted ought to be working however they are not essential unless road use is required. Engaging reverse should trigger beeper or buzzer
All four tyres ought to be evenly worn, with plenty of usage left about them. Solid and cushion tyres should be clear of major tears and damage, Solid tyres ought to have tread. Pneumatic tyres needs to have adequate air pressure
Diesel/Petrol: Check under tank for cracks. Examine fuel cap area for damage. Check fuel lines.
LPG: Examine tank connector for damage. Make certain seals work, no smell our sound should result from pipe. Check pipe for abrasions or marks. Check tank clips for damage, insert and take away tank to make sure it can be held firmly.
Tynes should certainly slide on carriage, but take place securely into position when clipped in, and never flop about. Check tynes on the used forklift for bending or excessive wear, especially about the ‘heel’ (bend) from the tynes
Battery (Electric only)
Inspect battery for missing caps or damaged leads. Any visible acid must be really small, no long term buildup. Check water system (if installed) for leaks. Start up charger and make certain it really works, check outlet plug for damage.
Notes on buying on the internet without inspection
Living interstate from the used forklift under consideration or happen to be in a rural area, you could be required to purchase online. There is certainly no problem with this particular approach, you just need to be 74dexmpky careful. When emailing a supplier, require extensive details and heaps of photos, especially close ups in the motor and mast/carriage. If possible demonstrate to them to your friend or relative with mechanical knowledge. Check against other suppliers for price and condition of units a similar price. Inquire about warranty availability, it is usually restricted for interstate purchasing but be sure the salesman knows that you anticipate reliability and great condition and therefore are able to return the forklift if this doesn’t meet your expectations.